Dr. Maria Montessori was an Italian physician and educator, born in 1870. She was one of the first women to graduate from a medical school in Italy and became interested in education as a doctor treating retarded children.
After realising the potential of her methods for all children, she began her work with normal children in 1907. She gained international fame for designing an educational system to help children in the development of intelligence and independence. Her educational approach is now known as the Montessori method and Montessori schools exist throughout the world. She died in Holland in 1952.
Her medical background led Dr. Montessori to approach education, not as a philosopher or educator in the usual sense, but as a scientist. She noted that children learn through activities that involve exploration, manipulation, order, repetition, abstraction and communication.
Dr. Montessori discovered that children learn through their senses until the age of six and developed teaching materials that encourage students to use their senses of touch, sight, hearing, smell and taste to explore and manipulate materials in their immediate environment.
Preventing conflicts is the work of politics; establishing peace is the work of education.’